Meditation has been studied and practiced for centuries. It has mostly been connected to the Eastern philosophy and religion, but today it has spread its roots all around the developed Western world as well.
There are more and more people who enjoy and practice meditation on a daily basis as a means to find relief for stress, which is today recognized as a very significant factor and even a cause of many diseases and medical conditions.
Meditation, being studied since ancient times, has developed in many branches and there is a great number of different techniques people use today. Meditation can be a very good remedy for stress since it has been shown that it soothes brain activity and increases the number of alpha waves (related to creativity and play), just like a trip to a physical therapy company to get a good massage would do. The most popular and practiced techniques and types of meditation include:
Guided meditation or, as it sometimes called, visualization, is a method of forming (creating) mental sceneries, places, events or situations that are pleasing and relaxing. The key to this meditations type is to put as many senses as possible into use so the created imagery is all-encompassing. This means creating not just visual scenes, but sound, smell and textures. It is recommended that a guide or a teacher leads you through the learning process.
In mantra meditation, the goal is to achieve psychological calmness by silently repeating a word or a phrase, releasing distracting thoughts.
One more meditation technique is mindfulness meditation. It is based on achieving a higher sense of awareness, in order to understand and accept your existence in the present, so you can perceive your own thoughts and emotions. It is important to concentrate on things which you do not perceive otherwise, like your breath or the flow of your thoughts.
Tai chi is a popular meditation technique, which can be practiced by children as well as the elderly. Deep breathing combined with graceful movements and a flow of postures brings an inner sense of stability and calmness.
Close to tai chi, but not quite, is yoga. Yoga exercises are aimed towards achieving a more flexible body and a serene mind.The aim of yoga exercises is to keep your focus away from everyday routine activities and, by a combination of concentration and balance, your mind is aimed towards the moment.
One more popular type of meditation is transcendental meditation, which shares some similarity with mantra meditation because it also involves the repetition of a mantra, but in a specific way. The key is to achieve a greater sense of relaxation, a state of inner peace, but without extreme focusing effort.
Whatever type of meditation you decide to use, keep in mind that, if you are unable to practice your stress relief exercises, you can always seek help with a professional physical therapy company who will be able to provide advice, exercise programs and the facilities which you lack at your home.